Pristimantis cedros. Image credit: Morley Read

The reserve is also home to numerous species of amphibians which are often seen but usually move quickly away. Many of these species are rare and endangered. For example, the reserve has a rainfrog that is only known from Los Cedros, Pristimantis cedros and another that is only known from Los Cedros and one other locality, Pristimantis mutabilis.

List of Amphibian Species at Los Cedros

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URL photo record
Scientific Name
Common-English
Common-Spanish
Ecuador Red list
IUCN Status
Endemic?
Range(m)
Los Cedros Record
Last IUCN assessment
KBA trigger?
Updated 1Sept20
at Manduriacu?
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9951763 Boana picturata Imbabura Tree Frog Rana Chachi VU LC no 0 - 1400 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9951763 30Apr2004 m
Bolitoglossa chica (cf) Hotel Zaracay Salamander Salamandra chica NT VU no 250-1650 specimen QCAZ32300 https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/14647 30Apr2004 KBA trigger
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47183409 Bolitoglossa sp. nov. CCS1, sima group Salamandra NE NE endemic Hervas Sotomayor F. 2016. Cryptic diversity and biogeography of South American salamanders. MSc., Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador Quito, Ecuador. never KBA trigger for B. sima, our new species is in that group m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040498 Espadarana prosoblepon Nicaragua Giant Glass Frog Rana de cristal variable LC LC no 0 - 1500 specimen: https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/60572 04Sept2019 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040119 Hyalinobatrachium valerioi La Palma glass frog Rana de cristal reticulata VU LC endemic https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040119 04Sept2019
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040165 Hyloscirtus alytolylax Tandapi treefrog Rana de torrente de Tandapi NT NT no 400 - 2000 Guayasamin JM, Krynak T, Krynak K, Culebras J, Hutter CR. 2015. Phenotypic plasticity raises questions for taxonomically important traits: a remarkable new Andean rainfrog (Pristimantis) with the ability to change skin texture. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 173(4): 913-928. 30Apr2004 m
Noblella worleyae Worley's leaf frog NE NE Specimen https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/13522 never m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/55560213 Osornophryne occidentalis Western Andean Plump Toad Osornosapo EN NE endemic? https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/55560213 never
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9952427 Pristimantis achatinus Cachabi Robber Frog Cutín común de occidente LC LC no 0 - 2330 specimen: https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/794617 13Sept2017 m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38102000 Pristimantis appendiculatus Pinocchio Rainfrog Cutín Pinocho NT LC no 1460 - 2800 specimen https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/52951 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38101987 Pristimantis cedros Los Cedros Rainfrog Cutín de Los Cedros EN EN endemic 1583 - 1880 Hutter CR, Guayasamin JM. 2015. Cryptic diversity concealed in the Andean cloud forests: two new species of rainfrogs (Pristimantis) uncovered by molecular and bioacoustic data. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 36-59. 2020 Type from Los Cedros; IUCN status to be updated to EN in Dec 2020 m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9734618 Pristimantis crenunguis Spring rainfrog Cutín gigante EN EN endemic 600 - 2000 Hutter CR, Guayasamin JM. 2015. Cryptic diversity concealed in the Andean cloud forests: two new species of rainfrogs (Pristimantis) uncovered by molecular and bioacoustic data. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 36-59. 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040361 Pristimantis crucifer Blue-thighed rainfrog Cutín del Porvenir EN VU endemic 1200 - 1800 Specimen: https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/53508 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
Pristimantis eugeniae Eugenia's rainfrog Cutín de Eugenia EN EN endemic 1700 - 2010 https://bioweb.bio/faunaweb/amphibiaweb/FichaEspecie/Pristimantis%20eugeniae 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47558105 Pristimantis hectus Dwarf Robber Frog Cutín pequeño de Nariño VU DD no 1200-1780 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47558105 4Oct2018 KBA trigger
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040325 Pristimantis labiosus Labiated Rainfrog Cutín trompudo NT LC no 150 - 1500 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040325 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
Pristimantis laticlavius Bacon rainfrog Cutín de franjas amarillas DD VU no 1200–2565 Arteaga A, Pyron RA, Penafiel N, Romero-Barreto P, Culebras J, Bustamante L, Yanez-Munoz MH, Guayasamin JM. 2016. Comparative phylogeography reveals cryptic diversity and repeated patterns of cladogenesis for amphibians and reptiles in northwestern Ecuador. Plos One 11(4). and specimen: https://bioweb.bio/faunaweb/amphibiaweb/QCAZ/Especimen/20841 4Oct2018 KBA trigger m
Pristimantis latidiscus Cutín del Chocó VU LC no 0 - 1230 Specimen: https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/20843 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10037982 Pristimantis luteolateralis Yellow-groined rainfrog Cutín de Tandapi NT NT endemic 1140 - 1960 Hutter CR, Guayasamin JM. 2015. Cryptic diversity concealed in the Andean cloud forests: two new species of rainfrogs (Pristimantis) uncovered by molecular and bioacoustic data. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 36-59. 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47914754 Pristimantis mindo Cutín de Mindo VU NE endemic 1243 - 1790 Arteaga A, Yánez-Muñoz M, Guayasamin JM 2013. A new frog of the Pristimantis lacrimosus group (Anura: Craugastoridae) from the montane forests of northwestern Ecuador. In: Arteaga A, Yánez-Muñoz M, Guayasamin JM eds. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindo life in the cloudforest. Quito: Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, 198-210.
; Hutter CR, Guayasamin JM. 2015. Cryptic diversity concealed in the Andean cloud forests: two new species of rainfrogs (Pristimantis) uncovered by molecular and bioacoustic data. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 36-59.
never m
Pristimantis muricatus Cutín del río Faisanes Rio Faisanes Robber Frog VU VU endemic 220 -1380 specimen https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/53496 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040393 Pristimantis mutabilis Mutable Rainfrog Cutín Mutable DD EN endemic 1850 -2063 Guayasamin JM, Rivera-Correa M, Arteaga A, Culebras J, Bustamante L, Pyron RA, Peñafiel N, Morochz C, Hutter CR. 2015. Molecular phylogeny of stream treefrogs (Hylidae: Hyloscirtus bogotensis Group), with a new species from the Andes of Ecuador. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 2-21. 20Aug2015 Type from Los Cedros m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38102026 Pristimantis parvillus Minute Rainfrog Cutín de Pichincha NT LC no 20 - 2000 Hutter CR, Guayasamin JM. 2015. Cryptic diversity concealed in the Andean cloud forests: two new species of rainfrogs (Pristimantis) uncovered by molecular and bioacoustic data. Neotropical Biodiversity 1(1): 36-59. 30Apr2004 m
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040434 Pristimantis pteridophilus Fern-loving rainfrog Cutín amahelechos EN EN endemic 1500-2710 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10040434 30Apr2004 KBA trigger m
Pristimantis sp. nov. NE NE endemic Specimen: https://bioweb.bio/portal/QCAZ/Especimen/794621 never
Pristimantis verecundus Zacualtipan Robber Frog Cutín de Zacualtipan NT NT no 900 - 2020 Specimen QCAZA31245, https://bioweb.bio/faunaweb/amphibiaweb/QCAZ/Especimen/13602 18July2016 KBA trigger m
Sachatamia orejuela Rana de cristal de Orejuela DD LC no 50 - 1250 http://zoologia.puce.edu.ec/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=98030 03July2018 KBA trigger m